⒈ How Does Frederick Douglass Have Done Wrong

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How Does Frederick Douglass Have Done Wrong



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Why Do Selfies Matter? Ask Frederick Douglass

Become a Junior Ranger, collect Civil War to Civil Rights trading cards, or participate in the annual oratorical contest. Our site offers free educational products and initiatives. Continue Douglass's legacy by using education as a guiding principle. Operated by America's National Parks, the bookstore sells unique educational products and books related to Frederick Douglass. Explore This Park. Info Alerts Maps Calendar Reserve. Alerts In Effect Dismiss. Dismiss View all alerts. Visit our keyboard shortcuts docs for details Duration: 1 minute, 46 seconds Frederick Douglass was courageous, brave, dynamic, intelligent, and authentic. Virtual Tour. Cedar Hill. Educational Initiatives. Bookstore, Order Online! When possible, she would walk to visit Douglass, but she had to be home in time for roll call in the fields.

Douglass only saw her a few times in his life and mostly remembered the way she looked: He wrote in Life and Times that she was tall, dark-skinned, and dignified. Douglass credits his grandmother Betsey with shielding him from slavery when he was a small child — both from witnessing it and understanding that he was legally enslaved. They lived in a simple wooden cabin, which Douglass loved, away from the main plantation. But when Douglass was around seven, Betsey was forced to take him to join the other enslaved people working on the estate.

This was the first time Douglass learned what it meant to be enslaved. With the rest of the children, he was put in the "care" of an enslaved woman named Aunt Katy, who starved and beat her charges. Douglass remembered that he would compete with the dog for crumbs from the floor. The enslaved people were given barely any clothes to keep them warm or covered, and the children weren't even given a blanket to sleep under. In addition to this abuse, it was at the plantation that Douglass first witnessed the horrifying violence perpetuated by slaveholders and overseers.

One morning, he stumbled across Captain Anthony whipping Esther, Douglass' aunt, because he was jealous of her relationship with an enslaved man, Edward. He also heard that an overseer named Gore had shot an enslaved man, Denby , in the face for refusing to be whipped. As Douglass pointed out, these were just two examples of the constant violence legalized under slavery. When Frederick Douglass was around nine years old, he was sent to live in Baltimore with Hugh and Sophia Auld and their young son Tommy. Hugh was the brother of Thomas Auld, Captain Anthony's brother-in-law.

At first, Douglass was treated much better. Sophia had never been a slaveholder, and she naturally saw Douglass as a child rather than a piece of property. Unlike under Anthony's watch, Douglass was given enough to eat and a comfortable place to sleep. Sophia also started to teach him to read, until her husband stopped her, telling her that teaching an enslaved person to read would give them ideas about freedom. After that, Sophia became markedly crueler, but Hugh's words only gave Douglass even more reason to keep learning.

He convinced the white boys he befriended while running errands to teach him to read and write. After Tommy started attending school, Douglass would borrow the lesson books he left lying around the house and carefully copy the letters. Being able to read allowed Douglass to access books and newspapers that criticized the inhumanity of slavery, confirming what he'd known innately since he was a child. When he was sent back to Talbot County, he started multiple Sunday schools to teach fellow enslaved people to read and write, and he continued to teach free people after he escaped. While living in Baltimore and reading more about slavery, Douglass became depressed, thinking that he would never be free. He turned to Charles Lawson, a black man who lived nearby, who taught him about Christianity and how to pray, while Douglass helped him improve his reading in return.

When Hugh Auld banned him from meeting Lawson, it only further motivated Douglass to escape one day. However, throughout his life, Douglass also hated the hypocrisy he witnessed among those who claimed to worship the same God he did while also enslaving people. He was also suspicious of the racist practices he witnessed in Northern churches. Two of the most violent and abusive men he encountered — Thomas Auld and Edward Covey — were both known to their white peers as pious churchgoers.

Many Christians used the Bible to justify slavery and taught the people they enslaved that this was what God wanted and that if they tolerated slavery during their lifetime, they would be rewarded in heaven. Douglass argued that God was good, and therefore he could not have ordained slavery. His faith wavered in his darkest moments, but he ultimately maintained his belief in a just God throughout his life. In , when Douglass was around 15 or 16, he was sent south from Baltimore to St.

Michael's in Talbot County to live with Thomas Auld. Auld had "inherited" Douglass after Captain Anthony and his daughter — Douglass' previous legal holders — had died. Auld starved and beat the enslaved people on his farm and threatened to kill Douglass for starting a Sunday school. By this time, Douglass was in full internal mutiny against slavery, and he resisted Auld's abuse. Auld sent him to live with "slave breaker" Edward Covey for a year. Covey forced Douglass to work to the point of exhaustion, with minimal sleep or opportunity to eat, and beat him violently. Covey succeeded in breaking me — in body, soul, and spirit [ After one violent incident, Douglass decided he would fight back. When Covey tried to beat him again, Douglass overpowered him, and after a couple of hours, Covey gave up.

He never laid a hand on Douglass again. This was a pivotal moment for Douglass. It was a resurrection from the dark and pestiferous tomb of slavery, to the heaven of comparative freedom," he wrote in Life and Times. Douglass wrote in Life and Times that many enslaved people were so broken by slavery that they lost the will to escape and became resigned to their condition — but he never did.

From the time he was a child, he understood that slavery was wrong and yearned to be free. It wasn't only under cruel slaveholders that Douglass resented being enslaved: He knew that the entire principle of one human owning another was wrong, regardless of how generous the holder was. While he lived with Covey, he was too dispirited to try to escape. But when he was sent to live with the comparatively kind William Freeland in , Douglass was able to recover physically and mentally enough to launch his first escape attempt. In , when he was 18 or 19, Douglass and five other men planned to paddle a canoe 70 miles from St.

Michael's on the southeast of Maryland to just north of Baltimore in the northwest. If that sounds incredibly dangerous, you're right. But Douglass and his conspirators never even got the chance to try. One of the men betrayed the group, and the other five were arrested and jailed. Thomas Auld showed up and threatened to send Douglass to the Deep South, which would have made escape much more difficult. But for some reason, he ultimately sent Douglass back to his brother Hugh Auld in Baltimore — unwittingly giving him the chance to try again.

In his first two autobiographies, Douglass refused to reveal how he finally escaped. He worried other enslaved people were more likely to be caught if he gave slave catchers a manual on their escape methods. However, in Life and Times — published after slavery had legally ended — he finally revealed his smart and daring plan. While in Baltimore, Douglass learned to caulk to waterproof ships and became friends with some free black sailors.

In , one of Douglass' friends lent him sailor's papers: documents that certified that he was a free sailor and therefore allowed to travel. According to Smithsonian Magazine , Murray sewed Douglass a sailor's outfit, and he boarded a train to Philadelphia.

In September of Douglass, disguised as a sailor and with borrowed free papers, managed to board a train to Havre The Picture Of Dorian Gray Character Analysis Essay Grace, Maryland. I found How Does Frederick Douglass Have Done Wrong quite helpful. Some on the left would How Does Frederick Douglass Have Done Wrong Mr. Show More.

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