✪✪✪ St. Orients Case Study
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Bonnie Bracey Sutton, a technology advocate and education consultant at the Power of US Foundation, said educators have to break through the old paradigm and implement new tools. Many ways of learning are involved, and the work is not all done by the teacher. Resources abound from partners in learning, in advocacy, and academia. The technology makes it all possible, and we can include new areas of learning, computational thinking, problem solving, visualization and learning, and supercomputing. There will be a decline for behavior and cognition until those who have grown up with this type of technology are able to teach the children how to correctly and productively utilize the advantages it presents us.
Tin Tan Wee, an internet expert based at the National University of Singapore, estimates a slow movement to try to adapt to deal with the likely divide. After , educational systems, primarily private ones, will demonstrate superior outcomes on a wider scale. After , governments will start realising this problem, and public examination systems will emerge. So during the next 20 to 30 years, a digital divide will grow in educational systems and in outcomes in which the individuals, systems, etc.
We are already seeing this manifested in the economic scene, where the rich get richer and the poor poorer. Freelance journalist Melinda Blau said education in internet literacy is key. Wesley George, principal engineer for the Advanced Technology Group at Time Warner Cable, said there must be a shift in focus in the education system. Tom Franke, chief information officer for the University System of New Hampshire, noted that it is up to people to actively set the agenda if they want a positive outcome.
Is this at least partially due to the fact that they are still trying to educate these highly connected young people through antiquated approaches? Perhaps those who have argued for education reform would think so. Among the responses from those who expressed concerns about the students they are teaching now, some blame technology; some blame culture. Following is a selection of those responses:. They rarely read long articles. Instead, they skim the middles of pages, perhaps moving their eyes up and down if something interests them.
Their reasons seem to be that they can always find out whenever they need to. The future will belong to those who can focus. This will be an increasingly small and rare group of people. I am not sure that the physiology will change, but I am sure about how the current generation orients to traditional text—reading it or writing it. I have also seen the loss of interpersonal communication competence. What has emerged is an overly dramatic face-to-face style and a greater unwillingness to engage or cope with differences. It is extending adolescence. I have seen a change in my students, their behavior, their learning, etc. Students do not know how to frame a problem or challenge.
They do not know how to ask questions, and how to provide enough detail to support their answers from credible sources. Technology is playing a big part in students not only not being able to perform as well in class, but also not having the desire to do so. I also believe that this phenomenon, which is at first merely seductive, eventually becomes addictive and is going to be very difficult to undo.
It is not wiring so much as change in education and culture, in my opinion. Rather, I think it is the culture at large, driven by the generation before this youngest generation that devalues science, facts, intelligence, reasoning, and intellectual achievement in favor of emoting, celebrity, athletic achievement, fighting and winning, and faith. Also, the culture of praise over criticism leads to a society where to tell someone they are incorrect is at best a social faux pas and at worst reasons for demotion, dismissal, and poor teaching evaluations. Teens expert danah boyd raised concerns about a looming divide due to the switch in how young people negotiate the world.
History suggests that on balance people will adapt to the new order. The greatest negative outcome will be that the split in adaptation will exacerbate existing trends toward social inequality. Alan Bachers, director of the Neurofeedback Foundation, said society must prepare now for the consequences of the change we are already beginning to see. Creativity, demand for high stimulus, rapidly changing environments, and high agency high touch will be what makes the next revolution of workers for jobs they will invent themselves, changing our culture entirely at a pace that will leave many who choose not to evolve in the dust. However, a wired world will be very addictive and those young adults who do not have a clear goal and a desire to achieve something will be caught in a downward spiral from which escape will be almost impossible.
They will fall further and further behind. The result will be bimodal. The result will be positive overall, but a new type of underclass will be created which will be independent of race, gender, or even geography. The reason is simple. Current educational methods evolved to their current state mostly pre-internet. The same goes for a generation of teachers who will continue to train yet another generation of kids the old way. The same goes for examination systems, which carry out assessment based on pre-internet skills. This mismatch will cause declension in a few generations of cohorts. Those who are educated and re-educable in the internet way will reap the benefits of the first option.
Most of the world will suffer the consequence of the second. The intellectual divide will increase. This in turn fuels the educational divide because only the richer can afford internet access with mobile devices at effective speeds. Well-known blogger, author, and communications professor Jeff Jarvis said we are experiencing a transition from a textual era and this is altering the way we think, not the physiology of our brains. We will adapt and find the benefits in this change. Elizabeth Eisenstein, our leading Gutenberg scholar, says that after the press, people no longer needed to use rhyme as a tool to memorize recipes and other such information.
Instead, we now relied on text printed on paper. I have no doubt that curmudgeons at the time lamented lost skills. Text became our new collective memory. Sound familiar? Google is simply an even more effective cultural memory machine. It has already made us more fact-based; when in doubt about a fact, we no longer have to trudge to the library but can expect to find the answer in seconds. In the five-century-long Gutenberg era, text did set how we see our world: serially with a neat beginning and a defined end; permanent; authored.
Now, we are passing out of this textual era and that may well affect how we look at our world. That may appear to change how we think. We can learn to use tools that impact the way we view things, but to say this is wiring is incorrect. The internet is the same thing on a larger scale. I remember 15 years ago when people were terrified that kids would not be able to write because of the text-message shorthand that they had invented for themselves. It turns out that kids who use and invent text-message shorthand have better verbal skills than us oldsters do because text-message shorthand is inventive word play.
Some analysts framed their arguments in more general terms and argued that there will not be significant cognitive change. They learn roughly the same amount, as for most people the speed of information access is not the limiting factor. The semantics of the word have been argued, with many saying it is not possible to perform multiple tasks simultaneously. The word unfortunately perpetuates a false ideal of the human capacity to perform and succeed. Devra Moehler, a communications faculty member at the University of Pennsylvania, shared research resources. The desire for constant stimulation and task switching is being inculcated in our youth, but not necessarily the ability to manage multitasking effectively to get more done.
The end result will be negative. Concentration and in-depth thought may be skills that are rare, and thus highly valued in Nikki Reynolds, director of instructional technology services at Hamilton College, said studies indicate that young people are not truly multitasking. This means it takes them longer to complete any one task, such as their homework. It also appears to affect the quality of their work. However, in my experience as a manager of only a few people, all of whom must interact daily with many more people, I am beginning to believe that this time slicing will become a skill that will help young people manage adult life better. The number of people who need our attention to answer a quick question or connect them to some resource is growing rapidly, and this requires me and my team to spend a lot of time switching contexts as part of our jobs.
We touch a lot of people for brief little bits of time, in an unpredictable stream of interactions. I suspect the kids will be fine. Gina Maranto, a co-director in the graduate program at the University of Miami, said information multitasking is not a new phenomenon. The best students will use these technologies to carry out higher-level cognitive tasks. Communications consultant Stowe Boyd says new studies may be showing us that multitasking is actually quite possible. The human mind is plastic. The area of the brain that is associated with controlling the left hand, for example, is much larger in professional violinists.
Likewise, trained musicians listen to music differently, using more centers of the brain, than found in non-musicians. None of these critics wring their hands about the dangerous impacts of learning to read, or the intellectual damage of learning a foreign language. The reason that kids are adapting so quickly to social tools online is because they align directly with human social connection, much of which takes place below our awareness. Social tools are being adopted because they match the shape of our minds, but yes, they also stretch our minds based on use and mastery, just like martial arts, playing the piano, and badminton. David Ellis, director of communications studies at York University in Toronto, has a front-row seat to observe how hyperconnectivity seems to be influencing young adults.
He said it makes them less productive and adds that most of them do not understand the new digital tools or how to use them effectively. Students everywhere have become relentless in their use of mobile devices for personal messaging. Even good students delude themselves into thinking they can text friends continuously while listening to a lecture and taking notes and, in the process, retain information and participate in discussions. But good research has shown that even especially bright kids are less productive when multitasking, a finding resisted by plenty of grown-ups as well. The first assumption is baloney; the second is fraught with contextual problems.
I do, however, believe we are entering an era in which young adults are placing an inordinately high priority on being unfailingly responsive and dedicated participants in the web of personal messaging that surrounds them in their daily lives. For now, it seems, addictive responses to peer pressure, boredom, and social anxiety are playing a much bigger role in wiring Millennial brains than problem-solving or deep thinking. Rich Osborne, senior IT innovator at the University of Exeter in the UK, said his own life and approaches to informing and being informed have changed due to the influence of hyperconnectivity.
Of course it might be other issues, stress at work, getting older, interests changing, any number of things—but underlying all these possibilities is the conscious knowledge that my information-consumption patterns have become bitty and immediate. Of course this might just be temporary—more an effect of the current state of the internet, as opposed to something that is baked into the very nature of the internet itself. I have a shorter attention span. Students examine key principles and concepts for ensuring the proper care and maintenance of domesticated and wild animals in zoos, aquariums and theme parks.
Examples: GEN Community Service Volunteerism not only benefits a community, it can broaden the worldview of the volunteer. GED The Science of Play Toys and games, key components of play, have evolved from homemade trinkets to highly engineered items in a multi-billion-dollar industry. The following are tips for writing a course description: The course description should be no longer than words. The Jews pray, "Let me not have need of the gifts of men, whose gifts are few, but their upbraidings manifold; but give me out of Thy large and full hand. James has before his eye the Sermon on the Mount see my Introduction. God hears every true prayer and grants either the thing asked, or else something better than it; as a good physician consults for his patient's good better by denying something which the latter asks not for his good, than by conceding a temporary gratification to his hurt.
Matthew Poole's Commentary If any of you lack wisdom ; if, doth not imply a doubt, but supposeth something which they themselves would grant; viz. See the like, Malachi Though this hold true of wisdom taken more generally, yet wisdom here is to be restrained, according to the circumstances of the text, and taken for wisdom or skill to bear afflictions so as to rejoice in them. Let him ask of God; by believing, fervent prayer. Liberally; or simply, Romans , i. Our translation renders it well liberally; and so the word is used, 2 Corinthians And upbraideth not; doth not twit them with their importunity, or frequency in asking, as men often do , however he may upbraid them with their unthankfulness for, or abuse of, what they have received.
And it shall be given him: see Matthew ,8 Joh The promise is here added to encourage faith in asking. Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible If any of you lack wisdom, This shows that the perfection before spoken of is not to be understood as in this life, since the apostle immediately supposes lack of wisdom in them; for this is not said in a form of doubting, whether they wanted it or not, but rather as supposing, and taking it for granted that they did; and in the first, and primary sense of the words, it intends wisdom to behave aright under temptations or afflictions.
Moreover, this may be applied to all other cases, in which wisdom is wanted; men want wisdom to conduct them in the common affairs of life, and especially the people of God; for the children of the world are wiser in their generation, for themselves and posterity, and in the management of worldly affairs, than the children of light; and also to observe the providences of God, and the footsteps of Providence, and to follow them; and likewise to make a right use of providences, and behave suitably under them, and not be lifted up too much in prosperity, nor be cast down, and too much distressed in adversity; but to consider, that the one is set against the other, and both work together for good.
And upbraideth not; with former sins and transgressions, with former miscarriages and misconduct; or with former kindnesses, suggesting that he had given largely already, and his favours had been despised or abused; or he had been treated with ingratitude and neglect; in which manner sometimes men put off those that apply unto them, but so does not God; wherefore every word here used is encouraging to go to God for wisdom: yea, it follows, and it shall be given him; God has said it, Christ has promised it, and the apostle might, with certainty, say it after them, and all experience confirms the truths of it; See Matthew He answers that we need, in this case, a different type of wisdom than the wisdom of man, to determine those things that are best for us, since they are disagreeable to the flesh: but we shall easily obtain this gift of wisdom, if we ask correctly, that is, with a sure confidence in God, who is entirely bountiful and liberal.
Jam ; Jam By the selected order of the words here, not only is the idea of giving emphatically placed near to the request, but also the participle almost becomes an attributive adjective; God is indicated as the Giver absolutely. Semler: non tantum significat molestam commemorationem beneficiorem, sed etiam qualemcunque reprehensionem so also Schneckenburger, de Wette. Jam ff. Cicero, de amic. Expositor's Greek Testament Jam There is no thought-connection between this verse and what has preceded, it is only by supplying something artificially that any connection can be made to exist, and for this there is no warrant in the text as it stands see Introduction III.
Jam ; the position assigned to Wisdom by the Jews, and especially by Hellenistic Jews, was so exalted that a short consideration of the subject seems called for, the more so by reason of the prominence it assumes in this Epistle. It is probable that the more advanced ideas of Wisdom came originally from Babylon; for, according to the Babylonian cosmology, Wisdom existed in primeval ages before the creation of the world; it dwelt with Ea, the god of Wisdom, in the depths of the sea cf. Proverbs ; Ea the creator was therefore guided by Wisdom in his creative work see Jeremias, Das alte Testament im Lichte des alten Orients , pp. Hence the constant insistence on its need which is so characteristic of the book of Proverbs.
Under the influence of Greek philosophy Wisdom became not only a divine agency, but also assumed a personal character Wis According to the Jerusalem Targum to Gen. On the other hand, Wisdom and the Torah are often identified. Proverbs f. Hebrews , Let us therefore draw near with boldness unto the throne of grace. Matthew Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges 5—8. Wisdom, and the Prayer that gains it 5. The prominence thus given to wisdom is characteristic of the teaching of St James comp. James It is as though he had largely fashioned his thoughts of the spiritual life on the teaching of the Book of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes, perhaps also on the Wisdom of Solomon and Ecclesiasticus. Wisdom, in its good sense, stands, in New Testament language, as implying both a wider range of thought and a more direct influence on conduct than knowledge 1 Corinthians ; Colossians Romans ; 2 Corinthians ; 2 Corinthians The thought is that God gives absolutely all good gifts to those that ask Him Matthew , and the highest gift, that of the Spirit that imparts wisdom, is included in the promise Luke Not so, St James implies, does God give, though we are more open to His reproaches than any who are the objects of our bounty can be to ours.
Bengel's Gnomen Jam For the good and the bad affections are alternately and variously brought forward according as the train of thought suggests. Jam is to be met. Patience is more in the power of a good man than wisdom; the former is to be exercised, the latter to be asked for. The highest wisdom, which governs patience in the trial of poverty and riches, is described in Jam Jam , and following verses. He gives simply, to the more and the less worthy, whether they are about to make a good or a bad use of His gift.
Pulpit Commentary Verses There can be no true perfection without wisdom, which is the gift of God, and must be sought from him. It is possible that the thought and connection of the passage is due to a reminiscence of Wisd. Verily I say unto you, Whoever shall say The order of the words shows that God's character is that of a Giver: "the giving God. Man often spoils his gifts, 1 by the grudging way in which they are given, and 2 by the reproaches which accompany them.
Vulgate, affluenter ; A. In pursuing this perfection you will find yourselves lacking in wisdom. One may say, "I know not how to become perfect;" but, if any man, etc. Lack Note the repetition. Literally the word means simply, and this accords with the following negative clause, upbraiding not. It is pure, simple giving of good, without admixture of evil or bitterness. Men often complicate and mar their giving with reproach, or by an assumption of superiority.Background Of Stephen Kings End Of Watch photograph cannot St. Orients Case Study taken after the event; it is necessarily and essentially simultaneous with the event St. Orients Case Study. Expect readers to St. Orients Case Study the datasheet. See also: Masonic bodies St. Orients Case Study List St. Orients Case Study Masonic rites. In dubsar anta-men. Matthew Poole's Commentary If any of you lack wisdom ; if, doth not imply a doubt, St. Orients Case Study supposeth something which they themselves would grant; St. Orients Case Study. This is the latest St. Orients Case Study revision St. Orients Case Study, reviewed St. Orients Case Study 7 October